A disorder that is progressive, creating a layer on the natural, internal lens of the eye, behind the iris and the pupil. It blocks light entering our eyes and makes it difficult for us to see. It can also result into blindness if not treated. According to Prevent Blindness America, there are more cases of Cataract, than Glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy combined. Types of Cataracts we screen for include: Subcapsular cataract; Nuclear cataract; and Cortical cataracts.
CAUSES OF cataracts
Your eye works like a camera allowing light to hit your retina. The liquid that fills your eye contains proteins that allow the light through. Cataracts is when these proteins begin to form clumps - clouding your vision. This may be because of advancing age or: Diabetes; Obesity; Hypertension; Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications; Previous eye surgery; Over consumption of alcohol; Smoking; Previous eye injury or inflammation; Hormone replacement therapy or; High myopia.
Certain nutrients and nutritional supplements may help you reduce the risk of cataracts, or reduce its effects once diagnosed. Vitamin E and the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin from food and supplements is essential. Sunflower seeds, almonds and spinach, kale and other leafy vegetables contain these ingredients. Foods that contain Omega-3 fatty acids have also been helpful according to some recent tests. 100% UV blocking sunglasses have also proven help to some.